GDPR Creates Confusion In Global Adtech Industry

Online publishers and ad exchanges are taking differing routes to compliance with the newly introduced General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), with consumer groups finding that many publishers are continuing to serve personalised ads without obtaining consent.

Compliance within the ad industry is also being made more complex due to Google’s delay in joining a consortium formed to grapple with GDPR issues, potentially leaving publishers and others open to fines.

Media consultancy Oko Digital found that as of early June, one-third of 75 major websites presented no notice about personalised ads.

Dutch consumer advocacy organisation Consumentenbond, likewise, found that half of the 150 websites it reviewed began tracking users before establishing consent.

Google dominates most aspects of the global online ad industry

Informed consent

Informed, explicit consent to the use of personal data is a central pillar of the GDPR, but as yet there is no consensus on what that means.

And some major publishers are taking a different route, arguing that their collection of tracking data is justified under a GDPR provision that allows it for “legitimate” business purposes.

Fraud prevention and marketing can fit the definition, provided the privacy effect on individuals is limited, reasonably expected and likely to be accepted, regulators have said.

“Axel Springer takes the view that the use of certain tracking technologies in Germany continues to be allowed without prior consent – as long as users can opt out and provided there is a legitimate interest,” Axel Springer told Reuters.

Axel Springer is not seeking consent for targeted ads on its properties.

The UK Information Commissioner’s Office said consent must be “unambiguous, freely given, fully informed and involve a clear affirmative action in order to be valid under GDPR”.

Valuable data

Europe’s online display advertising market is worth $22 billion (£17bn), a major part of the $200bn global online ad industry.

The compliance issues are a major issue because websites and apps can charge advertisers as much as 10 times more if ads can be delivered according to data such as a user’s browsing history or exact physical location.

Google and advertising technology companies have told publishers of ad-supported websites that it’s their responsibility to obtain consent from users for the collection of their data for advertising purposes.

But while many websites are now asking for consent, it isn’t clear what effect, if any, users’ choices are having on the way their data is collected and used.

The situation is all the more chaotic because Google’s DoubleClick Bid Manager (DBM) doesn’t yet support consent software rolled out by adtech companies a month before the GDPR took effect, and won’t do so until August.

Spike in complaints

As a result, adtech firms can collect consent data from websites, but can’t yet submit it to DBM, which is used by major brands to buy ad inventory.

To get around the problem, large ad exchanges such as AppNexus and Rubicon Project have said they will only offer ad space on DBM if they’ve received consent from a user. In turn, those exchanges have informed websites that it’s their responsibility to block ads from DBM if they can’t guarantee users’ consent, Reuters reported, citing letters sent to sites.

And yet, AppNexus and Rubicon Project didn’t offer significantly less ad space on DBM after making the consent-only guarantee, two industry executives told Reuters. That’s in spite of at least 10 percent of European users withholding their consent when given the choice, the executives said.

AppNexus said it had stopped providing ads to European users from about 100 publishers.

Data protection authorities, which have been deluged with data protection complaints since the GDPR’s introduction on 25 May, have not yet delivered rulings on any specific cases.

The new law exposes companies to fines of 4 percent of global turnover or 20m euros (£18m), whichever is greater, in the case of serious breaches.

Matthew Broersma

Matt Broersma is a long standing tech freelance, who has worked for Ziff-Davis, ZDnet and other leading publications

Recent Posts

Google Must Face Trial In Ad Tech Monopoly Case

Google loses bid for summary judgement as judge says 'too many facts in dispute' as…

11 hours ago

Silicon In Focus Podcast: Feeding the Machine

Learn how your business can meet the challenges associated with managing data across multiple platforms…

11 hours ago

Apple, Meta Likely To Face EU Antitrust Charges

Apple, Facebook parent Meta reportedly likely to face EU antitrust charges before August under new…

11 hours ago

Adobe Shares Jump On AI Success

Adobe shares post biggest gains in more than four years after it reports user take-up…

12 hours ago

Winklevoss’ Gemini To Pay $50m In Crypto Fraud Settlement

Winklevoss twins' Gemini Trust to pay $50m to settle cypto fraud claims over failed Gemini…

12 hours ago

Meta Delays EU AI Launch After Privacy Complaints

Meta delays Europe launch of AI in Europe after user, privacy group complaints over plans…

13 hours ago