Boohoo For Microhoo!

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Everyone thinks that the combination of Microsoft Bing and Yahoo will be good for consumers, but is that really so? Beware the deadly duopoly, warns Jim Rapoza

Everybody is talking about what a boost the new Microsoft-Yahoo deal will be for competition in the online search business. The general consensus is that the combination of Microsoft’s Bing search and Yahoo’s market share will make for a stronger front against Google, resulting in increased innovation and more opportunities and capabilities for Web users.

I’m not so sure. In the short term, this deal will increase innovation and competition. But in the long term, it could end up doing the exact opposite.

How can this be, you ask, when Google has had pretty much a monopoly in the online search market?

I say this because there is something worse than a monopoly for killing new ideas and healthy, strong rivalries in a market. What’s worse is when there are a small number of companies—say, two to four—that completely dominate a product category.

Sure, there’s some competition for customers among the players, but nothing too serious. And innovation is pretty limited, especially in any way that could become disruptive and change the lucrative business models for any of the dominant companies.

And all of these companies work together — through their own policies and lobbying — to make it very hard for innovative upstarts to become a threat in any way.

Compare this with a monopoly. Sure, the strongest monopolies have a lot of power. But they also face a very concerted effort to bring them down. Small companies, big companies and even the government are constantly on the lookout for ways to take down the reigning giant. And, in most cases, they do eventually succeed in cutting through the stranglehold that the monopoly had on the market.

Now, I’m not saying this would definitely happen in the current Bing versus Google war. We are talking about two pretty unique companies here. Google definitely does things its own way, and Microsoft has shown that it is almost allergic to collaborating with perceived competitors.

But I think the cooperation between companies in a duopoly happens even when the companies don’t specifically plan to do it.

If Google and Microsoft get to a 60/40 split of the search market (a situation that isn’t far off), I could easily see them enacting strategies that seem like good business practice to them but have the effect of locking out potential competitive threats or disruptive innovations.

So, in a way, the newly energised fight between Microsoft Bing and Google will increase competition in online search. But will it be a kind of competition that increases innovation and choice for consumers?

Sadly, I think the answer will be no.

Jim Rapoza is chief technology analyst at eWEEK Labs


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